Cyprus
15 May 2016

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Location

Cyprus is among the biggest islands of the Mediterranean. It’s the third biggest after Sicily, and Sardinia. Cyprus’ latitude and longitude are 30.33 – 35.41, and 32.23 – 34.55 respectively.
65 km to the North of Northern Cyprus lies Turkey. Syria is 112 km, Israel is 267 km, and Lebanon is 162 km to the East. Directly below is Southern Cyprus. Egypt is 418 km to the South, while Greece lies 965 km to the West.
The surface area of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is 3355 square kilometers. Around half of the shores of the island falls within the borders of TRNC.
North Nicosia, the capital city, is home to 264,172 people.
45% of the land is fertile, and around 20% of the fertile land is irrigated. Forests cover 20% of TRNC, and there is an ongoing forestation program.
The climate is typical Mediterranean. Summer days are long and arid, while winter lasts short with rain. Mean temperature is 19ºC (66ºF). Temperature soars around 40ºC (105ºF) during summer. It’s balmy during winter, and gets around 500mm of rain per year.
The general vegetation of Northern Cyprus consists of pinaceae, citrus, oleaceae, maquis shrubland, deciduous trees, shrubs, bushes and various flower types. Several types of orchid are also among the rare flowers of Cyprus.
Without a doubt, the Mediterranean climate is the biggest factor of its natural riches. Most common trees are pines, cypress, oak, and eucalyptus, which was introduced later into the island. Water melons, various vegetables, olives, and carob, as well as citrus fruits such as oranges, sour oranges, lemons, tangerines, and grapefruits are also common. Its flora is perfectly suitable for husbandry.
It’s possible to encounter various cross-continental migrators. Several bird species use the isle for accommodation & laying eggs when migrating between Africa & Eastern Europe. 7 of the 350 species found in the isle are endemic. Additionally, Cyprus is home to 26 types of reptilians & amphibians.
Some of the beaches of Northern Cyprus host the nearly extinct caretta carettas & cheolonia mydas’. Also, over 250 untamed donkeys live in Karpaz National Park.

Access to the Country

You can enter the country with any passport. Your identity card is sufficient if you are a Turkish national.

Car Rentals

Cyprus has affordable prices with lots of rental companies.
You can rent cars or motorbikes with your typical driver’s license.
As a left-driving country, Cyprus uses international traffic signs, which allows for a safe drive.

Currency

Cyprus uses Turkish Liras (TRY) as its currency. Foreign currencies are also accepted at the hotels and exchange offices.
It is possible to use & withdraw from most credit cards.
Euro, USD, and British Pounds are also acceptable currencies.

Transportation

Although cab fares aren’t expensive, make sure you ask the driver about what you are going to be paying beforehand.
You could also use minibuses. Couches for intercity travel are more frequent during daytime. However, they do not have a strict schedule for departure. The frequency of public transit departures go down after 17:00 on weekends.

Phones

You can use your mobile phone on global roaming charges while you are in Cyprus.
However, make sure that your subscriber line is open to global roaming.
You can dial (+90 392), followed by the area code and the phone number to make a call to Cyprus. Bu
Once you’re on the island, you can use the calling cards provided by the Telephone Department, or you can purchase a prepaid GSM card.

Electricity

Power outlets in Cyprus are compatible with the UK standard, and uses 240 volts of electricity.

Language

Official language of Northern Cyprus is Turkish, but English is also spoken widely.

Museums

The opening hours of the museums differ throughout the summer (from May to October).
Please call the Department of Museums & Ancient Artifacts of TRNC through +90 392 227 29 16 for more information.
Museums can be visited from 9:00 to 13:00, and 14:00 to 16:45 during wintertime.
The museums are closed during national holidays.